Gum Disease Therapy in Erlanger
Causes of Gum Disease
Gum disease, an infection of the supporting tissues of the teeth, is most commonly caused by a lack of good oral hygiene. To help prevent gum disease, not only must you brush and floss regularly to keep plaque from accumulating, but you must also see Dr. Sand Wall every six months for a professional cleaning to ensure that tartar is removed from your teeth. This hard substance, which is formed by plaque left behind after insufficient cleaning, can cause your gums to pull away from your teeth and form pockets. When these spaces collect debris and bacteria, your gums will become inflamed and infected. If gum disease is not treated, it will advance to a point in which the gum tissue and jawbone begin to deteriorate, which can lead to tooth loss. Keeping your six-month checkup appointments with Dr. Sand Wall ensures that signs of gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, are caught early enough that they can be treated conservatively.
Risks of Gum Disease
Not only can gum disease cause mouth pain and lead to tooth loss, but it is also linked to certain health conditions, including heart disease, respiratory illness, diabetes, Alzheimer’s, osteoporosis, and pregnancy complications. The exact link between gum disease and these conditions is still being studied, but researchers theorize that the oral bacteria or inflammatory nature of gum disease may be causal factors. To protect your overall health as well as your oral health, it is imperative that you keep your gums in great shape. If your gums are bleeding, Dr. Sand Wall can use OralDNA culturing to determine if certain types of bacteria are present in the gum tissues that indicate periodontal disease.
Conservative Treatments for Gum Disease
Scaling and root planing are the most common measures used to treat early stages of gum disease. Scaling consists of removing tartar from the tooth root below the gum line, and root planing is a procedure that smoothes out the root surface so that oral bacteria are less likely to collect there. Dr. Sand Wall offers both manual scaling and ultrasonic scaling, which employs a device that breaks up tartar using vibration and a steady stream of water to clean away debris. Antibiotic therapy or the use of antimicrobial mouth rinses may also help heal the infected tissues and promote a healthy reattachment of the gums to the teeth.
Gingivectomy for Gum Disease
If your gum disease does not respond to scaling, root planing, or antibiotic treatments, Dr. Sand Wall can perform a gingivectomy using a laser. Compared to traditional gum surgery that uses scalpels, laser gum surgery is a fairly conservative procedure. Using a diode laser, Dr. Sand Wall will precisely remove diseased gum tissues to reduce periodontal pockets, helping your gums to properly reattach to the teeth. As the laser cauterizes and removes tissues simultaneously, you will experience no bleeding, and you will heal faster than with traditional surgery.
For personalized general and cosmetic dental care in northern Kentucky, contact Dr. Darlene Sand Wall today to schedule an appointment. Located in Erlanger, we serve patients from all surrounding areas, including Cincinnati, Crestview Hills, Edgewood, Fort Mitchell, Florence, Union, Independence, and Taylor Mill.